Los Angeles lies in a bowl in Southern California, adjoining the Pacific Ocean, with mountains as high as 10,000 feet (three,000 m), and deserts. The city, which covers around 469 square miles (1,210 km2), is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most crowded district in the United States. The Los Angeles metropolitan zone (MSA) is home to 13.1 million individuals, making it the 2nd–greatest metropolitan zone in the nation right after New York. Better Los Angeles incorporates metro Los Angeles just as the Inland Empire and Ventura County. It is the 2nd most crowded U.S. joined measurable zone, likewise right after New York, with a 2015 gauge of 18.7 million individuals. House to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles escorts were guaranteed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542. The city was established on September four, 1781, by Spanish representative Felipe de Neve. It turned into a piece of Mexico in 1821 right after the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, towards the finish of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the remainder of California were purchased as a attribute of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, and in this method turned out to be a piece of the United States. Los Angeles was consolidated as a region on April four, 1850, 5 months just before California completed statehood. The revelation of oil throughout the 1890s carried fast improvement to the city. The city was furthermore extended with the finishing of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, which conveys water from Eastern California. Los Angeles has an assorted economic climate and hosts organizations in a wide scope of specialist and social fields. It likewise has the busiest compartment port in the whole Americas. A worldwide city, it has been positioned sixth in the International Cities Index and ninth in the International Financial Power Index. The Los Angeles metropolitan region likewise has a gross metropolitan end result of $1. trillion (starting up at 2017), making it the third-greatest city by GDP on the planet, right after the Tokyo and New York City metropolitan territories. Los Angeles facilitated the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will have the 2028 Summer Olympics.